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Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Pennsylvania


Fast Facts: Pennsylvania is the "birthplace" of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. The capital is Harrisburg, while the largest cities are Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, each a sports “Title Town.”

Pennsylvania Careers: The 2008 U.S. Census estimated Pennsylvania’s population at almost 12.5 million. Forbes recently ranked it as the 41st “Best State for Business.”

Pennsylvania Career Education: Pennsylvania ranked 14th in a 2009 K-12 “Academic Achievement” study by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

Pennsylvania Economy: Pennsylvania is home to the first stock exchange (Philadelphia) and the Hershey Company, the iconic chocolate manufacturer.

For details and sources, click the “Career Information” tab below.



Pennsylvania Fast Facts:

Location, Location, Location…:  Located in the northeastern and middle atlantic regions of the U.S., Pennsylvania has 51 miles (82 km) of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles (92 km) of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Pennsylvania was one of the original Thirteen Colonies.

Cities:  The capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg, while the state’s most populous cities are Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.

Behind the Name:  The state’s popular nickname, “The Keystone State,” refers to Pennsylvania’s decisive vote for independence from Great Britain.

A Closer Look:  Pennsylvania was originally founded by William Penn as a safe haven for Quakers suffering religious persecution; it soon became a refuge for many persecuted populations including Amish and Mennonites.

Did You Know?  Happy Birthday to US…Pennsylvania is the “birthplace” of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.

Pennsylvania Careers and Employment:

Population:  12,448,279 (1.4% increase since 2000) - 51.3% Female, 48.7% Male (2008 U.S. Census Bureau).

Business Environment:  Ranked 41st in Forbes Magazine’s “Best States for Business,” 2008.

Top Industries:  In terms of paid employees, according to a 2008 U.S. Census Bureau study: (1) health care and social assistance; (2) manufacturing; (3) retail trade; (4) accommodation and food services; and (5) finance and insurance services.

Taxes:  Income Tax, 3.07% and Sales Tax, 6% (Federation of Tax Administrators).

Cost of Living:  102.0 in relation to the “National Average” of 100 (Federal Cost of Living Index).

Quality of Life:  Ranked 26th of 50 states by CNBC, 2009.

Weather:  Average Temperature (In °F) – Jan: 25.78; Apr: 47.48; July: 70.58; Oct: 50.34 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration).

K-12:  Ranked 14th of 50 states in “Academic Achievement” by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, 2009.

Pennsylvania Economics:

In General:  While Pennsylvania remains a notable manufacturing state, most of the workforce today can be found within the service industry.

Service Industry:  Important service industry businesses include hotels, professional sports franchises, private health care and engineering and law firms.

Agriculture:  Nearly three-fourths of Pennsylvania’s agricultural income is generated by livestock and livestock products, serving as a leading milk producing and egg-producing state. Pennsylvania is also a leader in producing processed foods, with the most important products including beer, bread and cakes, chocolate products and prepared meats.

Manufacturing:  Pennsylvania’s leading manufactured products are chemicals including prescription drugs, paint, and petrochemicals. Many of the leading manufacturers of prescription drugs and aspirin are located in the state of Pennsylvania.

Mining:  Pennsylvania is a leading coal-producing state and is the only state mining anthracite coal.

A Closer Look:  Many major law firms are located in Philadelphia, while various leading engineering firms are based in Pittsburgh.

Did You Know?  The first stock exchange formed in the United States -- the Philadelphia Stock Exchange -- is based in Philadelphia.

Pennsylvania Education:

Find Colleges and Universities in Pennsylvania, here.


Sources:  In addition to specific citations noted in this “Career Information” section, supplementary source materials include:  the U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service; Netstate.com; Education-Portal.com; USCollegeSearch.org; and Wikipedia.com.


General Information
12,280,129 Population (as of 2000)2.0 Average Persons Per Household (as of 2000)
12,327,882 Population (current)$86,454 Average House Value (as of 2000)
43,561.9 Square Miles of Land$37,670 Average House Income (as of 2000)
135.3 Square Miles of Water

Business Information
297,571 Number of Businesses (as of 2003)$40,621,534,000 Total First Quarter Payroll (as of 2003)
4,850,426 Number of Employees (as of 2003)$166,349,634,000 Total Annual Payroll (as of 2003)

Gender (as of 2000)
Ethnicity (as of 2000)
Median Ages (as of 2000)
Featured Online Colleges
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Colleges in the State of Pennsylvania
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State Employers