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Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Malaysia


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During the late 18th and 19th centuries, Great Britain established colonies and protectorates in the area of current Malaysia; these were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. In 1948, the British-ruled territories on the Malay Peninsula formed the Federation of Malaya, which became independent in 1957. Malaysia was formed in 1963 when the former British colonies of Singapore and the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak on the northern coast of Borneo joined the Federation. The first several years of the country's history were marred by a Communist insurgency, Indonesian confrontation with Malaysia, Philippine claims to Sabah, and Singapore's secession from the Federation in 1965. During the 22-year term of Prime Minister MAHATHIR bin Mohamad (1981-2003), Malaysia was successful in diversifying its economy from dependence on exports of raw materials to expansion in manufacturing, services, and tourism. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Malaysia, a middle-income country, has transformed itself since the 1970s from a producer of raw materials into an emerging multi-sector economy. since coming to office in 2003, prime minister abdullah has tried to move the economy farther up the value-added production chain by attracting investments in high technology industries, medical technology, and pharmaceuticals. the government of malaysia is continuing efforts to boost domestic demand to wean the economy off of its dependence on exports. nevertheless, exports - particularly of electronics - remain a significant driver of the economy. as an oil and gas exporter, malaysia has profited from higher world energy prices, although the rising cost of domestic gasoline and diesel fuel forced kuala lumpur to reduce government subsidies. malaysia "unpegged" the ringgit from the us dollar in 2005 and the currency appreciated 6% per year against the dollar in 2006-07. although this has helped to hold down the price of imports, inflationary pressures began to build in 2007. healthy foreign exchange reserves and a small external debt greatly reduce the risk that malaysia will experience a financial crisis over the near term similar to the one in 1997. the government presented its five-year national development agenda in april 2006 through the ninth malaysia plan, a comprehensive blueprint for the allocation of the national budget from 2006-10. with national elections expected within the year, abdullah has unveiled a series of ambitious development schemes for several regions that have had trouble attracting business investment. real gdp growth has averaged about 6% per year under abdullah, but regions outside of kuala lumpur and the manufacturing hub penang have not fared as well.

Environmental Issues

Air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from indonesian forest fires

Government Type

Constitutional monarchy note: nominally headed by paramount ruler and a bicameral parliament consisting of a nonelected upper house and an elected lower house; all peninsular malaysian states have hereditary rulers except melaka and pulau pinang (penang); those two states along with sabah and sarawak in east malaysia have governors appointed by government; powers of state governments are limited by federal constitution; under terms of federation, sabah and sarawak retain certain constitutional prerogatives (e.g., right to maintain their own immigration controls); sabah holds 25 seats in house of representatives; sarawak has 31 seats

Population

25,274,132 (july 2008 est.)

Location

Southeastern asia, peninsula bordering thailand and northern one-third of the island of borneo, bordering indonesia, brunei, and the south china sea, south of vietnam

Area

Total: 329,750 sq km land: 328,550 sq km water: 1,200 sq km

Slightly larger than new mexico

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: none conventional short form: malaysia local long form: none local short form: malaysia former: federation of malaya

Capital

Name: kuala lumpur geographic coordinates: 3 10 n, 101 42 e time difference: utc+8 (13 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time) note: putrajaya is referred to as administrative center not capital; parliament meets in kuala lumpur

Military Service

18 years of age for voluntary military service (2005)

International Disputes

Malaysia has asserted sovereignty over the spratly islands together with china, philippines, taiwan, vietnam, and possibly brunei; while the 2002 "declaration on the conduct of parties in the south china sea" has eased tensions over the spratly islands, it is not the legally binding "code of conduct" sought by some parties; malaysia was not party to the march 2005 joint accord among the national oil companies of china, the philippines, and vietnam on conducting marine seismic activities in the spratly islands; disputes continue over deliveries of fresh water to singapore, singapore's land reclamation, bridge construction, and maritime boundaries in the johor and singapore straits; in november 2007, the icj will hold public hearings in response to the memorials and countermemorials filed by the parties in 2003 and 2005 over sovereignty of pedra branca island/pulau batu puteh, middle rocks and south ledge; icj awarded ligitan and sipadan islands, also claimed by indonesia and philippines, to malaysia but left maritime boundary and sovereignty of unarang rock in the hydrocarbon-rich celebes sea in dispute; separatist violence in thailand's predominantly muslim southern provinces prompts measures to close and monitor border with malaysia to stem terrorist activities; philippines retains a dormant claim to malaysia's sabah state in northern borneo; brunei and malaysia agreed in september 2008 to resolve their offshore and deepwater seabed dispute, resume hydrocarbon exploration and renounce any territorial claims on land; piracy remains a problem in the malacca strait

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

51 Malaysia Jobs Found


An Income Auditor reviews, analyzes, and recommends improvements to the daily financial reports and process to improve accuracy and efficiency. Wha...
Hilton Garden Inn - Petaling Jaya - posted about 13 hours ago
A Hygiene Executive oversees the maintenance/upgrade of sanitation and hygiene standards to ensure all food served to guests and employees are free...
Hilton Garden Inn - Petaling Jaya - posted about 13 hours ago
A Chinese Executive Chef is responsible for managing and training the banqueting kitchen team to deliver an excellent Guest and Member experience w...
Hilton Hotels & Resorts - Kota Kinabalu - posted 1 day ago
An Assistant Food and Beverage Manager is responsible for assisting with managing operations of all Food and Beverage outlets to deliver an excelle...
Hilton Hotels & Resorts - Kota Kinabalu - posted 1 day ago
Responsibilities: Responsible for roll-outs and maintenance work of the firm's SAP system for continuous streamlining of processes Part of SAP regi...
Nigel Frank International APAC - Kuala Lumpur - posted 1 day ago
A Business Analyst analyses hotel data and presents strategies and forecasts that will help the hotel stay ahead of the competition. What will I be...
Hilton Corporate - Kuala Lumpur - posted 3 days ago
A Banqueting Chef is responsible for managing and training the banqueting kitchen team to deliver an excellent Guest and Member experience while ma...
Hilton Hotels & Resorts - Kota Kinabalu - posted 5 days ago
A Hygiene Manager oversees the maintenance/upgrade of sanitation and hygiene standards to ensure all food served to guests and employees are free o...
Hilton Hotels & Resorts - Kuala Lumpur - posted 6 days ago
A Human Resources Manager is responsible for providing first-class employee relations services to the hotel to deliver an excellent staff experienc...
Hilton Hotels & Resorts - Kota Kinabalu - posted 7 days ago
An Executive Chef will build a reputation for the hotel by maintaining a talented and creative kitchen brigade, offering an innovation menu, and pr...
Hilton Hotels & Resorts - Kota Kinabalu - posted 7 days ago
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